Karst medium has traditionally been the subject of hydrogeological research given the abundant water resources that are stored in it. In many cases karst is the product of climatic and hydrological evolution in carbonate areas in recent periods of geological history, and in this connection karst contains key information on recent environmental changes. The action of water has generated a great range of karstic features that are part of our natural heritage and which on occasion form major tourist attractions. Karst areas often serve as crop land or as substrates for other human activity. But karst is highly fragile and the exploitation of its resources or inappropriate land uses give rise to environmental problems (water pollution, subsidence, flooding, changes in the subterranean environment, etc.).
Karst formations cover about an eighth of the Earth’s surface and have been studied since time immemorial. The results of this research have been presented and discussed at many congresses and scientific meetings, especially in the second half of the 20th century. The threshold of the second decade of the 21st century seems a good time to reflect on the progress made in recent times and to set out some of the lines of research to pursue in the near future. This is the aim of this 4th International Symposium on Karst (ISKA-2010) organized by the Centre of Hydrogeology at the University of Málaga and the Spanish Geological Survey (IGME), in the framework of their “Advanced Hydrogeological Studies” partnership.
The symposia on karst that have been held periodically in Malaga (Spain) since 1992 are intended to be an international forum for scientific debate on the progress made in research into karst environments. At this fourth event, the main objective of the 4th International Symposium on Karst (ISKA-2010) is to discuss and disseminate the latest trends in research into karst aquifers and water resources on the basis of the results obtained with different methodologies in various karst areas in the world.
The following themes are to be addressed in the framework of this Symposium:
- Water and karst: karst hydrogeology, investigation and protection of water resources in karst
- Karst and natural heritage: karst landscape, karst ecosystems, importance of groundwater in the environment
- Relationship between humans and karst: tourism and karst, caves frequented by tourists, water in the unsaturated zone, environmental impacts and associated risks in karst
- Engineering geology and karst aquifers: large structures (tunnels, dams), storage of CO2, and others
Programme and rules
Ana Isabel Marín Guerrero
Centre of Hydrogeology at the University of Malaga(CEHIUMA) and the Department of Geology. Faculty of Sciences. University of Malaga.
E-29071 Malaga, Spain